Wednesday, 20 December 2017

SAP BASIS Online Learning | System Landscape and Architecture


SAP Basis refers to the administration of SAP system that includes activities like installation and configuration, load balancing, and performance of SAP applications running on Java stack and SAP ABAP. This includes the maintenance of different services related to database, operating system, application and web servers in SAP system landscape and stopping and starting the system. Want to learn SAP BASIS by experts, see SAP BASIS training with experienced and real time implementation.
SAP system landscape is defined as an arrangement of SAP servers. Ideally, in a SAP environment, a three-system landscape exists. A system landscape consists of Development Server (Dev), Production Server (PROD), and Quality Assurance server (QAS).
SAP Architecture is defined as a technology framework of SAP system and it changes with time unlike the system landscape. SAP Architecture changes with new software like SAP ECC 6.0, the most recent one.

The following is a request in SAP System Landscape:
DEVELOPMENT >>>> Quality >>>> PRODUCTION

The following figure represents SAP three tier system landscape where work flows from Dev > QAS > PROD and not in backward direction.
Let us now discuss the system landscape:
Sandbox server: When a project is implemented, at the initial stages, a sandbox server is used where all the customization, configuration is performed.
Development server: Next is to save the configuration in development server and saved in workbench requests and this has to be transported to Production server.
Production server: You can consider it as the final or the most refined stage where the work is done when project is in production/go live. All the changes that are required by the client are performed in the DEV environment and later, the request is transported to production.
SAP System 3-Tier Architecture
The image given below shows 3-tier architecture of the SAP system. The presentation layer is the topmost one. This contains the device/application to control the SAP system. This can include mobile devices, end user systems or SAP GUI or web browser based client.

The presentation layer communicates with the application server to perform all the processing and which is known as brains of an SAP system.
The bottom layer is called the database layer. This is responsible to store all the data. The database of SAP system is kept on a separate server for performance and security reasons.
The presentation layer consists of different components for ABAP (see SAP ABAP training by experts to learn) and JAVA that enables the communication and processing of data in SAP system.
The key components of the presentation layer include the following:
Message Server − This is used to manage communication between distributed dispatchers in the ABAP system.
Message Server − This is used to manage server processes and JAVA dispatchers. It is used to manage communication within JRE.
Dispatcher Queue − This is used to store multiple work process types.
Dispatcher − This is used to distribute the requests to the work processes.
Memory Pipes − This is used to manage communication between ICM and ABAP work processes.
Enqueue Server − This is used to handle logical locks set by the executed Java application program. (Learn to program by Java training).
Java Dispatcher − This is responsible to receive the client requests via presentation layer and forward to the server process.
Gateway − This is used to manage communication between SAP system and external systems.
ABAP Work processes − This separately executes dialog steps in R/3 applications separately.
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